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Utorrent tor browser настройка гидра

По умолчанию Tor Browser уже корректно настроен, но при желании вы можете прописать в настройках прокси, а также выбрать соответствующий режим безопасности. О том, как именно это сделать, я очень подробно написал ниже. Настроить браузер Тор на персональном компьютере или ноутбуке для полной анонимности гораздо проще, чем на android, поэтому можете не сомневаться в том, что у вас не возникнут какие-либо проблемы с безопасностью.

Ну, а сама настройка устройства в буквальном смысле займет не более 15 минут. Помимо настройки Tor Browser, я также рекомендую почитать мою предыдущую статью о том, как пользоваться браузером Тор. Там вы найдете полезные советы по поводу того, как не попасться на удочки обманщиков и мошенников. В браузере Тор имеется 3 режима безопасности на выбор: Обычный , Высокий и Высший. Какой именно выбрать — решать только вам, т. У меня даже на самой защищенной ОС — Tails Linux стоит фаервол, но сейчас не об этом.

Обычный — данный режим безопасности подходит исключительно для серфинга сайтов в Surface Web, но ни в коем случае не в DarkNet. Высший — при выборе этого режима на всех сайтах будут блокироваться JavaScript, видео, иконки, аудио, некоторые картинки и шрифты. Дополнительно было бы не плохо установить на персональный компьютер какой-нибудь VPN или прокси, а также шустрый фаервол и мощный антивирус.

Все это в значительной степени увеличит безопасность вашего устройства, если вы зависаете в темных уголках сети из под операционной системы Windows. Мало кто знает, что в браузере Тор можно настроить страну, через которую вы якобы посещаете сайты. Можно даже использовать несколько стран для входных и выходных узлов, а также отключить точечные узлы, чтобы ваш браузер использовал другие страны, если вдруг не найдет те, что вы прописали в конфигурационном файле:.

Обратите внимание на то, что изменения вступят в силу только после того, как вы запустите браузер. Ну, а протестировать проделанную работу можно на сайте 2ip. Данный сервис подскажет вам с какого IP-адреса вы вышли в сеть, а также к какой именно стране он относиться и кем является ваш провайдер. Я уже говорил о том, что браузер Тор по умолчанию корректно настроен, поэтому разработчики из Tor Project настоятельно рекомендуют ничего в нем не менять и не устанавливать дополнительных расширений.

Но на нас с вами это не остановит, т. Для этого введите в строку браузера, где обычно отображается URL-адрес следующий путь: about:config , затем перейдите по нему и подтвердите свое согласие. Ну, а после отредактируйте настройки следующим образом:. Будьте осторожный, т. Однако переживать по этому поводу особо не стоит в силу того, что вы в любой момент можете вернуться на эту страницу и затем просто откатить все те изменения, которые в него внесли.

К тому же, вы можете оставить комментарий в случае какого-либо форс-мажора и я соответственно постараюсь вам помочь. Ну, а опция SSL Observatory анализирует сертификаты для определения скомпрометированных корневых центров сертификации. Дело в том, что на многих сайтах в Surface Web установлен SSL-сертификат, но редирект у них по тем или иным причинам не настроен. В связи с этим, определенные веб-ресурсы из-за данного расширения могут работать некорректно, а некоторые компоненты будут отображаться неправильно.

Ну, а как именно оно работает — я вам подробно объясню. Кроме того, для 3-х типов веб-ресурсов вы можете включить или отключить вышеописанные компоненты HTML-станиц с помощью расширения NoScript. За счет этого вам удастся не только обойти вредоносный контент, но и всевозможные счетчики на сайтах, собирающих данные о пользователях. Вам уже должно быть известно, что браузер Тор — это на данный момент самый безопасный интернет-образователь, предоставляющий возможность анонимного серфинга сайтов в сети.

Однако нужно понимать, что Интернет — это одновременно полезная, но в то же время и очень опасная штука. В связи с этим, в Интернете как в Surface Web, так и в DarkNet нужно соблюдать ряд определенных правил для того, чтобы оставаться анонимным. Да и вы сами наверное понимаете, что одно только Tor Browser для этого недостаточно. Перед выходом в DarkNet залепите свою камеру, отключите микрофон и динамик на вашем устройстве, и поверьте, это не шутка.

Ни под каким предлогом не отключаете расширение NoScript в браузере Тор, т. Ничего не скачивайте с onion-сайтов, если не хотите, чтобы ваше устройство было взломано, а данные кредитных карт похищены. Вообще, самый безопасный вариант использовать Тор — это установить Tails OS на флешку и тогда никакой хакер или даже сотрудник правоохранительных органов попросту не сможет получить доступ к данной операционной системе.

Ну, а пароли можно хранить в зашифрованном разделе с помощью VeraCrypt. Ну и вы могли подумать, что я чокнулся на анонимности, однако это не так. К сожалению, обо всех типах вирусов и методах атак я не могу рассказать в одной статье, поэтому не стоит относиться к моим рекомендациям скептически. Ох, если бы мне кто-нибудь раньше объяснил о пользе мостов и прокси, я бы все равно их не использовал.

Однако для кого-то из вас настройка тех же программ, что и у меня может оказаться трудной задачей, поэтому их мы рассматривать не будем. Для этого нажимаем "Остановить Tor". После чего нажимаем "Настройки", далее переходим во вкладку "Дополнительное" и настраиваем программу согласно скриншоту ниже. После переходим во вкладку "Обмен" и выбираем режим работы программы согласно скриншоту. Вставляем получившийся ключ, а в качестве имени можете напечатать всё, что душе угодно.

После нажимаем "ОК", получаем сообщение об успешной активации программы, снова жмём "ОК" и переходим к настройке программы. Сейчас список прокси-адресов пуст, мы добавим свой. Для этого нажимаем "Add Далее "ОК". Далее "Да".

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TOR BROWSER BUNDLE 6 СКАЧАТЬ ТОРРЕНТ ПОПАСТЬ НА ГИДРУ

Это называется DHT-сеть. Для блокировки DHT и собственно трафика торрента провайдеру не получится заблокировать лишь адрес трекера, и ему нужно инспектировать трафик, чтобы понимать, что у тебя работает торрент и что его нужно резать. Трафик можно обфусцировать: это не шифрование в полном смысле слова, но это - значительное затруднение для систем инспекции протокола. Это включается опцией шифрования трафика на последнем скрине.

Однако, если у провайдера действительно хорошее и дорогое оборудование, скрыться торренту не удастся. Однако, тор тут тоже так себе в помощь, потому что торрент требует прямого соединения с пирами, а тор скроет адрес твоего клиента, постоянно его меняя. В итоге, сеть DHT получит массу неверных сведений адрес-то меняется , а сеть Tor окажется перегружена трафиком торрента потому как трафик через тор идёт через три и более промежуточных узлов, прежде чем выйти в Интернет , и это будет весь достигнутый результат.

В случае жёсткой цензуры на какое-то время могут помочь специально предназначенные для цензуроустойчивого файлообмена сети, такие как Perfect Dark, I2P, Gnunet. Однако, вообще-то политические вопросы не могут быть полноценно решены IT-средствами: в перспективе государство может вообще запретить в Интернете всё, кроме сайта госуслуг, и с этим ничего не сделаешь. Такие проблемы нужно решать средствами также политическими.

Однако, это уже выходит за рамки моего коммента. Учиться надо, а не "шаманить". Магия не работает и не работала никогда. Работают только знания. Тыканье в опции подобно слепому котёнку знаниями не является. Ну чёрт возьми, ну открыты же все сведения, можно прочитать, как работает Torrent, как работает Tor, понять, что и для чего предназначено и как решать проблемы.

Но нет же, лепят заведомо вредоносные "инструкции" и распространяют их среди таких же не желающих учиться. А страдают все вокруг. Откуда ж вы берётесь, инициативные двоечники, а? В кукарекали, что нужно брандмауэр и автоматическое обновление отключать, в х - что нужно на необновляемом ХР сидеть, теперь вот трафик Р2Р в Tor заворачиваете Впрочем, это, как раз, обществу вредит куда меньше, чем вам самим, так что не делайте и пейте, никто не против.

Если вы огребёте корь, оспу или полиомиелит, расходы на ваше лечение, скорее всего, с лихвой превысят получаемые с вас налоги. И забрать разницу придётся с тех, кто позаботился о себе: сделал прививки, не курит, не алкоголик, ходит в спортзал, ну и так далее. Аналогичная ситуация, кстати, с курящими. Акцизы, которые с них получает государство, едва компенсируют расходы, которое оно несёт на их починку.

Спасибо, друг, выручил! Уже сотни сайтов перерыл ничего не помогало, а твой способ оказался единственно рабочим в моей ситуации. Благодарю :D. Спасибо за благодарный комментарий, а то меня ранее только помидорами все закидали очень рад, что тебе мой способо помог! Обновил utorrent до последней версии и на иоте теперь качает торенты, скорость не режет. Никаких торов, впн и тд. Автор, опция "Использовать прокси для Р2Р-соединений" приведёт к а крайне низкой скорости скачки и б перегрузке сети Tor.

Использование Tor для P2P запрещено, а ты - или недостаточно компетентен и нахватался по верхам, или злонамеренный мудак, желающий зла сети Tor. Если провайдер пытается блокировать трекеры, твоей инструкцией можно воспользоваться, но следует выключить опцию "Использовать прокси для Р2Р-соединений";.

Если провайдер режет собственно Р2Р трафик, чаще всего достаточно включить шифрование протокола, как на твоей последней иллюстрации;. Если провайдер раскошелился на хорошее DPI оборудование и это не помогает, стоит переходить на I2P, Perfect Dark, Gnunet и прочие сети со стойким шифрованием. Так и оформляли бы пост не как инструкцию, как делать, а как вопрос, как просьбу разъяснить. А то вы его оформили как рабочее решение и тем самым можете привести к тому, что кто-то сделает так же.

Вы, такой нехороший наш, качали и раздавали вот такой-то фильм во столько то времени. У вас это первое нарушение закона о копирайте и это письмо направлено вам пока что в "образовательных" целях, что бы вы так больше не делали. Многие из нас активно пользуются торрентами и почти везде они де-факто вне закона.

В Беларуси же вообще никто ничего не блокировали, в Бухту заходить можно было без проблем, как и на Трекер. Но, уехав из Беларуси, быстро обнаружил, что любимые топ трекеров перманентно в бане у всех провайдеров. Конечно выборка сугубо по "айтишникам", но все же. В общем, в Великобритании сами провайдеры втихую следят за трафиком и "сливают" данные копирайт-холдерам. Конечно никто сразу штрафы не присылает, но после пары-тройки вот таких писем как выше Мои коллеги только один раз получали такие письма, да и я за два с половиной года тоже схлопотал такое впервые.

Но VPN поставлю тоже, пожалуй :. Аналогичная ситуация и с ТВ лицензией была, кстати. К примеру ты смотришь онлайн футбольный матч на мобильном. Тебе нужна ТВ лицензия. Смотришь на "телике" местные каналы - тоже нужна лицензия. Пришлось им отдельно писать, что я хороший и мне она действительно не нужна, ибо слышал истории, что приходили домой и что-то там проверяли. Но это полный бред тема с лицензиями на ТВ, как о мне. Странная ситуация произошла с iTunes.

Пользователи сначала оформили предварительный заказ на платформе Vudu, указав свой iTunes. Официально это должно было произойти только 20 февраля. В результате пираты за несколько часов взломали защиту iTunes, а фильм разлетелся по торрентам. Наверняка после этого случая Apple прикроет лазейку, но сам факт ее существования у такой компании удивляет.

Ни для кого уже давно не секрет, что в России последние несколько лет ведут очень активную борьбы с сайтами, распространяющими пиратский контент — фильмы, книги, сериалы и любые другие интеллектуальные продукты, защищенные авторским правом. Все самые популярные торрент-трекеры уже очень давно заблокированы для всех граждан страны, однако их администрация постоянно создает их зеркальные копии с целью предоставить всем своих пользователям доступ к сайту.

Для этого пользователь должен предоставить домен второго уровня вида domain. После того как изменения вступят в силу, а это происходит в течение 24 часов, зеркальная копия сайта будет перенаправлять пользователя на торрент-трекер RuTracker с использованием динамического IP-адреса. Аррр, наш корабль за время нашего путешествия побывал уже во многих битвах с кораблями правительства, и в последнем сражении нам пришлось оставить наше судно вместе с впередсмотрящим Джонни, однако мы уже оплакали нашу потерю в ближайшем борделе и готовы к новым приключениям.

Прошло довольно много времени с момента последнего поста на тему торрент-поисковика, и многие стали задавать вопросы: что там за странные символы стали появлятся в адресе поисковика, со стабильностью работы и т. Давайте пройдемся по всему по порядку. Наверное самое смешное и печальное одновременно, что могло произойти - это потеря сервера. Этого, возможно, можно было избежать, или нет, как-то уже не хочется размышлять на этот счет. В любом случае история такова, что в течении долгого времени приходили письма вида:.

Для тех, кто не очень в курсе что такое DMCA, - представляйте это как американский аналог закона с роскомнадзором, жОстко следящим за каждым движением сайтов в интернете и блокирующим все что захотят пиратский контент.

Так вот, в течении довольно большого промежутка времени я целиком и полностью игнорировал эти скучные письма месяцев 7 , и видно ситуация совсем расстроила американский орган, и он решил воспользоваться самым злым способом припрятанным у себя в рукаве - письмом хостеру. И не смотря то что сервис скрыт целиком cloudflare, добрые ребята из cloudflare не стали долго думать и перенаправили письмо в швецию оригинальному провайдеру, который также размышлять долго не желал.

Можно помусолить тему того, что этого следовало бы избежать разными способами, но мы с вами прекрасно знаем, что даже целиком и полностью идя на поводу подобных законов многие ресурсы заканчивали не очень хорошо опыты рутрекера, кикаса, и других очень показательных торрент-порталов. На самом деле я с улыбкой на лице обнаружил письм 60 с просьбой удалить какой-то там контент, когда и без того размышлял переехать на другую площадку решив бы совершенно иную проблему - проблему с дисковым пространством.

Объем места и памяти это довольно большая головная боль учитывая принцип работы поисковика - сохранить весь интернет получить информацию о всех торрентах интернета. И в какой-то момент меня просто ударило в ограничение места хостинга. Чтобы временно решить эту проблему, а именно наращивание базы торрентов, было решено переместить поисковик внутрь tor-сети, которая разом откинула обе проблемы: забивание болта на DMCA, наращивание базы. Конечно же у tor существуют свои минусы - нестабильность и медленная работа, и, конечно же, мало какие браузеры кроме tor-браузера поддерживаю домены тора.

На этот случай существуют выходные узлы вида tor2web которые ретранслируют скрытые сайты в обычный web. В общем, как вывод: пугаться этих странных символов в браузерной строке не стоит. Вы кстати знали что расширения наподобие firGate имеют возможностью открывать onion tor-сайты в обычном браузере? Что же стоит упомянуть: из позитивных подвижек база поиска постепенно стала нарастать в отличии от первых месяцев простоя, а также сам движок понемногу совершенствуется.

Однако там тоже не все так гладко, но об этом и всяких других будущих нововведениях уже в следующих статьях. Блокировку смогут инициировать государственные органы или правообладатели, им не придётся обращаться в суд. В течение суток Минкомсвязь определит, является ли сайт копией заблокированного Мосгорсудом пиратского сайта. После этого ведомство направит решение владельцу ресурса, а также в Роскомнадзор. Для этого нажимаем "Остановить Tor". После чего нажимаем "Настройки", далее переходим во вкладку "Дополнительное" и настраиваем программу согласно скриншоту ниже.

После переходим во вкладку "Обмен" и выбираем режим работы программы согласно скриншоту. Вставляем получившийся ключ, а в качестве имени можете напечатать всё, что душе угодно. После нажимаем "ОК", получаем сообщение об успешной активации программы, снова жмём "ОК" и переходим к настройке программы.

Сейчас список прокси-адресов пуст, мы добавим свой. Для этого нажимаем "Add Далее "ОК". Далее "Да".

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Any browser forcing you to pay and is claiming to be Tor Browser is fake. To make sure you are downloading the right Tor Browser visit our download page. After downloading, you can make sure that you have the official version of Tor Browser by verifying the signature. If you are not able to access our website, then visit censorship section to get information about alternate way of downloading Tor Browser.

Note that by using Tor Mobile on Chrome OS, you will view the mobile not desktop versions of websites. Using Tor Browser can sometimes be slower than other browsers. The Tor network has over a million daily users, and just over relays to route all of their traffic, and the load on each server can sometimes cause latency. You can help improve the speed of the network by running your own relay , or encouraging others to do so.

That said, Tor is much faster than it used to be and you may not actually notice any change in speed from other browsers. They erase all the information on your machine relating to the browsing session after they are closed, but have no measures in place to hide your activity or digital fingerprint online.

This means that an observer can collect your traffic just as easily as any regular browser. There are methods for setting Tor Browser as your default browser, but those methods may not work always or in every operating system.

The Tor Browser works hard to isolate itself from the rest of your system, and the steps for making it the default browser are unreliable. This means sometimes a website would load in the Tor Browser, and sometimes it would load in another browser. This type of behavior can be dangerous and break anonymity. We strongly recommend against using Tor in any browser other than Tor Browser.

Using Tor in another browser can leave you vulnerable without the privacy protections of Tor Browser. You can certainly use another browser while you are also using Tor Browser. However, you should know that the privacy properties of Tor Browser will not be present in the other browser.

Be careful when switching back and forth between Tor and a less safe browser, because you may accidentally use the other browser for something you intended to do using Tor. However, be aware that your other browser is not keeping your activity private, and you may forget and accidentally use that non-private browser to do something that you intended to do in Tor Browser.

Any other application on your system including other browsers will not have their connections routed over the Tor network, and will not be protected. They need to be configured separately to use Tor. If you need to be sure that all traffic will go through the Tor network, take a look at the Tails live operating system which you can start on almost any computer from a USB stick or a DVD. We do not recommend running multiple instances of Tor Browser, and doing so may not work as anticipated on many platforms.

Please be sure no other instance of Tor Browser is already running, and that you have extracted Tor Browser in a location that your user has the correct permissions for. Tor Browser is a modified version of Firefox specifically designed for use with Tor. A lot of work has been put into making the Tor Browser, including the use of extra patches to enhance privacy and security. While it is technically possible to use Tor with other browsers, you may open yourself up to potential attacks or information leakage, so we strongly discourage it.

Learn more about the design of Tor Browser. Bookmarks in the Tor Browser can be exported, imported, backed up, restored as well as imported from another browser. In order to manage your bookmarks in Tor Browser, go to:. Your bookmarks are now successfully exported from Tor Browser. The bookmarks HTML file you saved is now ready to be imported into another web browser.

Bookmarks can be transferred from Firefox to Tor Browser. After exporting the data from the browser, follow the above step to import the bookmark file into your Tor Browser. At the bottom of the page, next to the "View the Tor logs" text, click the button "View Logs You should see an option to copy the log to your clipboard, which you will be able to paste it into a text editor or an email client. Tor Browser in its default mode is starting with a content window rounded to a multiple of px x px to prevent fingerprinting the screen dimensions.

The strategy here is to put all users in a couple of buckets to make it harder to single them out. That works so far until users start to resize their windows e. Tor Browser 9 ships with a fingerprinting defense for those scenarios as well, which is called Letterboxing , a technique developed by Mozilla and presented in It works by adding white margins to a browser window so that the window is as close as possible to the desired size while users are still in a couple of screen size buckets that prevent singling them out with the help of screen dimensions.

In simple words, this technique makes groups of users of certain screen sizes and this makes it harder to single out users on basis of screen size, as many users will have same screen size. Something like this might do the trick:. I tried to access your site xyz. I urge you to reconsider this decision; Tor is used by people all over the world to protect their privacy and fight censorship. By blocking Tor users, you are likely blocking people in repressive countries who want to use a free internet, journalists and researchers who want to protect themselves from discovery, whistleblowers, activists, and ordinary people who want to opt out of invasive third party tracking.

Please take a strong stance in favor of digital privacy and internet freedom, and allow Tor users access to xyz. Thank you. In the case of banks, and other sensitive websites, it is also common to see geography-based blocking if a bank knows you generally access their services from one country, and suddenly you are connecting from an exit relay on the other side of the world, your account may be locked or suspended.

If you are unable to connect to an onion service, please see I cannot reach X. Tor Browser often makes your connection appear as though it is coming from an entirely different part of the world. Some websites, such as banks or email providers, might interpret this as a sign that your account has been compromised, and lock you out.

You may be able to avoid this scenario if your provider offers 2-factor authentication, which is a much better security option than IP-based reputations. Contact your provider and ask them if they provide 2FA. Sometimes JavaScript-heavy websites can have functional issues over Tor Browser. The simplest fix is to click on the Security icon the small gray shield at the top-right of the screen , then click "Advanced Security Settings Most antivirus or malware protection allows the user to "allowlist" certain processes that would otherwise be blocked.

Please open your antivirus or malware protection software and look in the settings for a "allowlist" or something similar. Next, exclude the following processes:. Finally, restart Tor Browser. Please note that some antivirus clients, like Kaspersky, may also be blocking Tor at the firewall level. If you downloaded Tor Browser from our main website or used GetTor , and verified it , these are false positives and you have nothing to worry about.

Some antiviruses consider that files that have not been seen by a lot of users as suspicious. You may also want to permit certain processes to prevent antiviruses from blocking access to Tor Browser. You might be on a censored network, and so you should try using bridges. Some bridges are built in to Tor Browser, and you can use those bridges by choosing "configure" then following the prompts in the Tor Launcher window that pops up when you open Tor Browser for the first time.

If you need other bridges, you can get them at our Bridges website. For more information about bridges, see the Tor Browser manual. One of the most common issues that causes connection errors in Tor Browser is an incorrect system clock. Please make sure your system clock and timezone are set accurately. The notification window lists a series of IP addresses and locations throughout the world recently used to access your account.

In general, this is a false alarm: Google saw a bunch of logins from different places, as a result of running the service via Tor, and decided it was a good idea to confirm the account was being accessed by its rightful owner. It is probably a false positive, but it might not be since it is possible for someone to hijack your Google cookie. Cookie hijacking is possible by either physical access to your computer or by watching your network traffic.

In theory, only physical access should compromise your system because Gmail and similar services should only send the cookie over an SSL link. And if somebody did steal your Google cookie, they might end up logging in from unusual places though of course they also might not. More recently, Gmail users can turn on 2-Step Verification on their accounts to add an extra layer of security.

This is a known and intermittent problem; it does not mean that Google considers Tor to be spyware. When you use Tor, you are sending queries through exit relays that are also shared by thousands of other users. Tor users typically see this message when many Tor users are querying Google in a short period of time. Google interprets the high volume of traffic from a single IP address the exit relay you happened to pick as somebody trying to "crawl" their website, so it slows down traffic from that IP address for a short time.

An alternate explanation is that Google tries to detect certain kinds of spyware or viruses that send distinctive queries to Google Search. It notes the IP addresses from which those queries are received not realizing that they are Tor exit relays , and tries to warn any connections coming from those IP addresses that recent queries indicate an infection.

To our knowledge, Google is not doing anything intentionally specifically to deter or block Tor use. The error message about an infected machine should clear up again after a short time. Google uses "geolocation" to determine where in the world you are, so it can give you a personalized experience.

This includes using the language it thinks you prefer, and it also includes giving you different results on your queries. If you really want to see Google in English you can click the link that provides that. But we consider this a feature with Tor, not a bug the Internet is not flat, and it in fact does look different depending on where you are. This feature reminds people of this fact. If you set "hl" to "en" then Google will return search results in English regardless of what Google server you have been sent to.

On a query this looks like:. Another method is to simply use your country code for accessing Google. This can be google. When using Tor Browser, no one can see the websites that you visit. DuckDuckGo is the default search engine in Tor Browser. DuckDuckGo does not track its users nor does it store any data about user searches. Learn more about DuckDuckGo privacy policy. With the release of Tor Browser 6. For a while now, Disconnect, which was formerly used in Tor Browser, has had no access to Google search results.

Since Disconnect is more of a meta search engine, which allows users to choose between different search providers, it fell back to delivering Bing search results, which were basically unacceptable quality-wise. Most other search engines store your searches along with other information such as the timestamp, your IP address, and your account information if you are logged in.

Please see the DuckDuckGo support portal. If you believe this is a Tor Browser issue, please report it on our issue tracker. You can also access the New Circuit option inside the site information menu in the URL bar, and the New Identity option by clicking the small sparky broom icon at the top-right of the screen.

This option is useful if you want to prevent your subsequent browser activity from being linkable to what you were doing before. Selecting it will close all your tabs and windows, clear all private information such as cookies and browsing history, and use new Tor circuits for all connections. Tor Browser will warn you that all activity and downloads will be stopped, so take this into account before clicking "New Identity".

This option is useful if the exit relay you are using is unable to connect to the website you require, or is not loading it properly. Selecting it will cause the currently-active tab or window to be reloaded over a new Tor circuit. Other open tabs and windows from the same website will use the new circuit as well once they are reloaded. This option does not clear any private information or unlink your activity, nor does it affect your current connections to other websites.

Running Tor Browser does not make you act as a relay in the network. This means that your computer will not be used to route traffic for others. That is normal Tor behavior. The first relay in your circuit is called an "entry guard" or "guard". It is a fast and stable relay that remains the first one in your circuit for months in order to protect against a known anonymity-breaking attack.

The rest of your circuit changes with every new website you visit, and all together these relays provide the full privacy protections of Tor. For more information on how guard relays work, see this blog post and paper on entry guards. In Tor Browser, every new domain gets its own circuit. The Design and Implementation of Tor Browser document further explains the thinking behind this design. Modifying the way that Tor creates its circuits is strongly discouraged.

If the outcome you want is simply to be able to access resources that are only available in one country, you may want to consider using a VPN instead of using Tor. Please note that VPNs do not have the same privacy properties as Tor, but they will help solve some geolocation restriction issues. Doing so can allow an attacker to compromise your security and anonymity through malicious configuration of your torrc. Tor uses a text file called torrc that contains configuration instructions for how Tor should behave.

The default configuration should work fine for most Tor users hence the warning above. To find your Tor Browser torrc , follow the instructions for your operating system below. Close Tor Browser before you edit your torrc , otherwise Tor Browser may erase your modifications. Some options will have no effect as Tor Browser overrides them with command line options when it starts Tor. Have a look at the sample torrc file for hints on common configurations.

For other configuration options you can use, see the Tor manual page. Flash is disabled in Tor Browser, and we recommend you to not enable it. Fortunately, most websites, devices, and other browsers are moving away from the use of Flash. Tor also recognizes the torrc options Socks4Proxy and Socks5Proxy. We only support basic auth currently, but if you need NTLM authentication, you may find this post in the archives useful. If your proxies only allow you to connect to certain ports, look at the entry on Firewalled clients for how to restrict what ports your Tor will try to access.

Most users would give up on Tor entirely if we disabled JavaScript by default because it would cause so many problems for them. Ultimately, we want to make Tor Browser as secure as possible while also making it usable for the majority of people, so for now, that means leaving JavaScript enabled by default.

This can be done by navigating the Security icon the small gray shield at the top-right of the screen , then clicking "Advanced Security Settings If you believe this is a Tor Browser issue, please report it on our bug tracker. After eleven beta releases, we discontinued support of Tor Messenger. Do you? Contact us. It will be, soon. Learn how to add a repository to F-Droid.

While both Tor Browser for Android and Orbot are great, they serve different purposes. Tor Browser for Android is like the desktop Tor Browser, but on your mobile device. It is a one stop browser that uses the Tor network and tries to be as anonymous as possible. Orbot on the other hand is a proxy that will enable you to send the data from your other applications E-Mail clients, instant messaging apps, etc.

That version, however, does not enable you to send other apps outside of the Tor Browser for Android through it. Depending on how you want to use the Tor network, either one or both of these could be a great option. With the release of Tor Browser for Android Orfox has been retired. We recommend an iOS app called Onion Browser, which is open source, uses Tor routing, and is developed by someone who works closely with the Tor Project.

However, Apple requires browsers on iOS to use something called Webkit, which prevents Onion Browser from having the same privacy protections as Tor Browser. Learn more about Onion Browser. Download Onion Browser from the App Store. The Guardian Project maintains Orbot and other privacy applications on Android. Yes, there is a version of Tor Browser available specifically for Android.

The Guardian Project provides the app Orbot which can be used to route other apps on your Android device over the Tor network, however only Tor Browser for Android is needed to browse the web with Tor. GetTor is a service that automatically responds to messages with links to the latest version of Tor Browser, hosted at a variety of locations that are less likely to be censored, such as Dropbox, Google Drive, and GitHub.

For more geographically specific links visit Tor: Mirrors. Send an email to gettor torproject. Write your operating system such as Windows, macOS, or Linux in the body of the message and send. You may be offered a choice of "bit" or "bit" software: this depends on the model of the computer you are using; consult documentation about your computer to find out more.

GetTor via Twitter is currently under maintenance. Please use the email instead. To get links for downloading Tor Browser, send a message to gettor torproject. If you cannot reach the onion service you desire, make sure that you have entered the character or, the newest format, character onion address correctly: even a small mistake will stop Tor Browser from being able to reach the site.

If you are still unable to connect to the onion service, please try again later. There may be a temporary connection issue, or the site operators may have allowed it to go offline without warning. Then paste the Tor log into a text file or other document. If you see lines like these in your Tor log, it means your Tor failed to connect to the first node in the Tor circuit. If you see lines like this in your Tor log, it means that Tor failed to complete a TLS handshake with the directory authorities.

Using bridges will likely fix this. If you see lines like this in your Tor log, it means your system clock is incorrect. Please make sure your clock is set accurately, including the correct timezone. Then restart Tor. A bridge is just a normal relay with a slightly different configuration. See How do I run a bridge for instructions. Several countries, including China and Iran, have found ways to detect and block connections to Tor bridges.

Obfsproxy bridges address this by adding another layer of obfuscation. Setting up an obfsproxy bridge requires an additional software package and additional configurations. See our page on pluggable transports for more info. Tor prevents eavesdroppers from learning sites that you visit. However, information sent unencrypted over the internet using plain HTTP can still be intercepted by exit relay operators or anyone observing the traffic between your exit relay and your destination website.

Tor guesses its IP address by asking the computer for its hostname, and then resolving that hostname. Also, if you have many addresses, you might also want to set "OutboundBindAddress" so external connections come from the IP you intend to present to the world. If your relay is relatively new then give it time.

Tor decides which relays it uses heuristically based on reports from Bandwidth Authorities. The lifecycle of a new relay is explained in more depth in this blog post. If you allow exit connections, some services that people connect to from your relay will connect back to collect more information about you. For example, some IRC servers connect back to your identd port to record which user made the connection.

Also, users exiting from you might attract the attention of other users on the IRC server, website, etc. Another reason is that groups who scan for open proxies on the Internet have learned that sometimes Tor relays expose their socks port to the world. We recommend that you bind your socksport to local networks only. In any case, you need to keep up to date with your security. See this article on security for Tor relays for more suggestions. This tells Tor to avoid exiting through that relay.

In effect, relays with this flag become non-exits. Please reach out to the bad-relays team so we can sort out the issue. Note: As of Tor 0. Eventually they will replace the old RSA identities, but that will happen in time, to ensure compatibility with older versions. But there are a few exceptions:. If you open your DirPort, then Tor clients will ask you for a copy of the directory.

This probably accounts for most of the difference between your "write" byte count and your "read" byte count. Another minor exception shows up when you operate as an exit node, and you read a few bytes from an exit connection for example, an instant messaging or ssh connection and wrap it up into an entire byte cell for transport through the Tor network. All of this said, fast Tor relays do use a lot of ram.

It is not unusual for a fast exit relay to use MB of memory. All outgoing connections must be allowed, so that each relay can communicate with every other relay. In many jurisdictions, Tor relay operators are legally protected by the same common carrier regulations that prevent internet service providers from being held liable for third-party content that passes through their network.

Exit relays that filter some traffic would likely forfeit those protections. Tor promotes free network access without interference. Exit relays must not filter the traffic that passes through them to the internet. Exit relays found to be filtering traffic will get the BadExit flag once detected.

Instead, consider running your exit relay in a commercial facility that is supportive of Tor. Of course, you should avoid keeping any sensitive or personal information on the computer hosting your exit relay. See our obfs4 setup guide to learn how to set up an obfs4 bridge. For the most in-depth resource on running a relay, see the Relay Setup Guide.

If you want to use this feature, you can consult our more detailed guide on the topic. If you do decide to run more than one relay, please set the "MyFamily" config option in the torrc of each relay, listing all the relays comma-separated that are under your control:. That way, Tor clients will know to avoid using more than one of your relays in a single circuit. The accounting options in the torrc file allow you to specify the maximum amount of bytes your relay uses for a time period.

This specifies when the accounting should reset. For instance, to setup a total amount of bytes served for a week that resets every Wednesday at am , you would use:. This specifies the maximum amount of data your relay will send during an accounting period, and the maximum amount of data your relay will receive during an account period. When the accounting period resets from AccountingStart , then the counters for AccountingMax are reset to 0.

It will keep track of how quickly it used its quota in the last period, and choose a random point in the new interval to wake up. This way we avoid having hundreds of relays working at the beginning of each month but none still up by the end. Just divide your monthly amount by For example, if you have 50 GB to offer each way, you might set your RelayBandwidthRate to KBytes: this way your relay will always be useful for at least half of each day.

Tor has partial support for IPv6 and we encourage every relay operator to enable IPv6 functionality in their torrc configuration files when IPv6 connectivity is available. For the time being Tor will require IPv4 addresses on relays, you can not run a Tor relay on a host with IPv6 addresses only. The parameters assigned in the AccountingMax and BandwidthRate apply to both client and relay functions of the Tor process. Thus you may find that you are unable to browse as soon as your Tor goes into hibernation, signaled by this entry in the log:.

The solution is to run two Tor processes - one relay and one client, each with its own config. One way to do this if you are starting from a working relay setup is as follows:. Exonerator is a web service that can check if an IP address was a relay at a given time.

We can also provide a signed letter if needed. Each Tor relay has an exit policy that specifies what sort of outbound connections are allowed or refused from that relay. The exit policies are propagated to Tor clients via the directory, so clients will automatically avoid picking exit relays that would refuse to exit to their intended destination. This way each relay can decide the services, hosts, and networks it wants to allow connections to, based on abuse potential and its own situation.

The default exit policy allows access to many popular services e. You can change your exit policy by editing your torrc file. If you want to avoid most if not all abuse potential, set it to "reject : ". This setting means that your relay will be used for relaying traffic inside the Tor network, but not for connections to external websites or other services. If you do allow any exit connections, make sure name resolution works that is, your computer can resolve Internet addresses correctly.

Tor can handle relays with dynamic IP addresses just fine. Just leave the "Address" line in your torrc blank, and Tor will guess. The simplest example is an attacker who owns a small number of Tor relays. There are also some downsides to running a Tor relay. It is an open research question whether the benefits outweigh the risks. A lot of that depends on the attacks you are most worried about. See portforward. If your relay is running on a internal net, you need to setup port forwarding.

Forwarding TCP connections is system dependent but the firewalled-clients FAQ entry offers some examples on how to do this. You may have to change "eth0" if you have a different external interface the one connected to the Internet. BandwidthRate is the maximum long-term bandwidth allowed bytes per second.

For example, you might want to choose "BandwidthRate 10 MBytes" for 10 megabytes per second a fast connection , or "BandwidthRate KBytes" for kilobytes per second a decent cable connection. The minimum BandwidthRate setting is 75 kilobytes per second. BandwidthBurst is a pool of bytes used to fulfill requests during short periods of traffic above BandwidthRate but still keeps the average over a long period to BandwidthRate. For example, if you choose "BandwidthBurst KBytes" and also use that for your BandwidthRate, then you will never use more than kilobytes per second; but if you choose a higher BandwidthBurst like 5 MBytes , it will allow more bytes through until the pool is empty.

Otherwise, you could drop many packets during periods of maximum bandwidth usage - you may need to experiment with which values make your connection comfortable. Then set BandwidthBurst to the same as BandwidthRate. Linux-based Tor nodes have another option at their disposal: they can prioritize Tor traffic below other traffic on their machine, so that their own personal traffic is not impacted by Tor load.

Additionally, there are hibernation options where you can tell Tor to only serve a certain amount of bandwidth per time period such as GB per month. These are covered in the hibernation entry below. When browsing an Onion Service, Tor Browser displays different onion icons in the address bar indicating the security of the current webpage. An onion with a red slash means:. An onion with caution sign means:. A list of our Onion Services is available at onion.

Onion services allow people to browse but also to publish anonymously, including publishing anonymous websites. Onion services are also relied on for metadata-free chat and file sharing, safer interaction between journalists and their sources like with SecureDrop or OnionShare , safer software updates, and more secure ways to reach popular websites like Facebook.

These services use the special-use top level domain TLD. When accessing a website that uses an onion service, Tor Browser will show at the URL bar an icon of an onion displaying the state of your connection: secure and using an onion service. Websites that are only accessible over Tor are called "onions" and end in the TLD. You can access these websites by using Tor Browser. The addresses must be shared with you by the website host, as onions are not indexed in search engines in the typical way that vanilla websites are.

When you click on ". An authenticated onion service is an onion service that requires you to provide an authentication token in this case, a private key before accessing the service. You can get the access credentials from the onion service operator. Reach out to the operator and request access. Learn more about how to use onion authentication in Tor Browser. If you want to create an onion service with client authentication, please see the Client Authorization in the Community portal.

Vidalia is no longer maintained or supported. A large portion of the features Vidalia offered have now been integrated into Tor Browser itself. You can read all about that on our Trademark faq page. A list of all of our software projects can be found on our projects page. We do take some safe measurements of how the network functions, which you can check out at Tor Metrics.

We are so sorry, but you have been infected with malware. The Tor Project did not create this malware. But please consider that our software is used every day for a wide variety of purposes by human rights activists, journalists, domestic violence survivors, whistleblowers, law enforcement officers, and many others. Unfortunately, the protection that our software can provide to these groups of people can also be abused by criminals and malware authors. The Tor Project does not support or condone the use of our software for malicious purposes.

We do not recommend using Tor with BitTorrent. For further details, please see our blog post on the subject. Tor is funded by a number of different sponsors including US federal agencies, private foundations, and individual donors. Check out a list of all our sponsors and a series of blog posts on our financial reports. We feel that talking openly about our sponsors and funding model is the best way to maintain trust with our community. We are always seeking more diversity in our funding sources, especially from foundations and individuals.

Tor is designed to defend human rights and privacy by preventing anyone from censoring things, even us. Thank you for your support! You can find more information about donating on our donor FAQ. Please see our community page for how to get involved! For sharing files over Tor, OnionShare is a good option. OnionShare is an open source tool for securely and anonymously sending and receiving files using Tor onion services.

It works by starting a web server directly on your computer and making it accessible as an unguessable Tor web address that others can load in Tor Browser to download files from you, or upload files to you. Many exit nodes are configured to block certain types of file sharing traffic, such as BitTorrent.

BitTorrent in particular is not anonymous over Tor. Right now the path length is hard-coded at 3 plus the number of nodes in your path that are sensitive. Also, using paths longer than 3 could harm anonymity, first because it makes denial of security attacks easier, and second because it could act as an identifier if only a small number of users have the same path length as you. There is nothing the Tor developers can do to trace Tor users.

Tor relies on the support of users and volunteers around the world to help us improve our software and resources, so your feedback is extremely valuable to us and to all Tor users. First, check if the bug is already known. We track all Tor Browser related issues at Tor Browser issue tracker.

Issues related to our websites should be filed under the Web issue tracker. The more specific your subject line is e. If none of these languages works for you, please write in any language you feel comfortable with, but keep in mind it will take us a bit longer to answer as we will need help with translation to understand it. You can always leave comments on the blog post related to the issue or feedback you want to report.

If there is not a blog post related to your issue, please contact us another way. We may not respond right away, but we do check the backlog and will get back to you when we can. For reporting issues or feedback using email lists, we recommend that you do so on the one that is related to what you would like to report. A complete directory of our mailing lists can be found here.

For feedback or issues related to Tor Browser, Tor network or other projects developed by Tor: tor-talk. For feedback or issues related to our websites: ux. For feedback or issues related to running a Tor relay: tor-relays. For feedback on content related to Tor Browser Manual or Support website: tor-community-team. If you want to encrypt your mail, you can get the GPG public key for the list by contacting tor-security-sendkey lists.

Here is the fingerprint:. The tor-project channel is where Tor people discuss and coordinate daily Tor work. It has fewer members than tor and is more focused on the work at hand. You are also welcome to join this channel. To access tor-project, your nickname nick must be registered and verified. Then, to complete the registration and ultimately gain access to the tor-project channel, your nickname must be verified.

Look for the word verify and log in there. It may appear that nothing has happened. Look at the top of the page, and there will be a column called Account. You can toggle back and forth between channels by clicking on the different channel names at the top left of the IRC window. If your nick is already being used, you will get a message from the system and you should choose another nick.

After a few seconds, you will automatically enter tor, which is a chatroom with Tor developers, relay operators and other community members. There are some random people in tor as well. You can ask questions in the empty bar at the bottom of the screen. People may be able to answer right away, or there may be a bit of a delay some people are listed on the channel but are away from their keyboards and record channel activities to read later. If you want to chat with someone specific, start your comment with their nick and they will typically receive a notification that someone is trying to contact them.

For this reason, and because many people end up preferring it anyway, you should also consider using an IRC client. Yes, deb. Note: The symbol refers to running the code as root. This means you should have access to a user account with system administration privileges, e. In the past they have not been reliably updated.

That means you could be missing stability and security fixes. Instead, please use Tor Debian repository. The Tor Project maintains its own Debian package repository. To enable all package managers using the libapt-pkg library to access metadata and packages available in sources accessible over https Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure.

If you want to try experimental packages, add these in addition to the lines from above Note, use whatever is the current experimental version instead of 0. We provide a Debian package to help you keep our signing key current. It is recommended you use it. Install it with the following commands:.

Note: The symbol refers to be running the code as root. That means you should have access to a user account with system administration privileges, e. Criminals can already do bad things. They can steal cell phones, use them, and throw them in a ditch; they can crack into computers in Korea or Brazil and use them to launch abusive activities; they can use spyware, viruses, and other techniques to take control of literally millions of Windows machines around the world.

Tor aims to provide protection for ordinary people who want to follow the law. Only criminals have privacy right now, and we need to fix that. Criminals and other bad people have the motivation to learn how to get good anonymity, and many have the motivation to pay well to achieve it. Being able to steal and reuse the identities of innocent victims identity theft makes it even easier.

This is the worst of all possible worlds. So yes, criminals can use Tor, but they already have better options, and it seems unlikely that taking Tor away from the world will stop them from doing their bad things. At the same time, Tor and other privacy measures can fight identity theft, physical crimes like stalking, and so on.

Distributed denial of service DDoS attacks typically rely on having a group of thousands of computers all sending floods of traffic to a victim. So ordinary DDoS attacks are not possible over Tor. So in general, attackers who control enough bandwidth to launch an effective DDoS attack can do it just fine without Tor.

Spammers can use Tor to connect to open HTTP proxies and from there to SMTP servers ; to connect to badly written mail-sending CGI scripts; and to control their botnets — that is, to covertly communicate with armies of compromised computers that deliver the spam.

This is a shame, but notice that spammers are already doing great without Tor. Not much, in the grand scheme of things. Of course, like all privacy-oriented networks on the net, it attracts its share of jerks. Abuse complaints may come in a variety of forms. For example:. Some hosting providers are friendlier than others when it comes to Tor exits. For a listing see the good and bad ISPs wiki. For a complete set of template responses to different abuse complaint types, see the collection of templates.

You can also proactively reduce the amount of abuse you get by following these tips for running an exit node with minimal harassment and running a reduced exit policy. If you have a spare IP not used for other activities, you might consider running your Tor relay on it. A collection of templates for successfully responding to ISPs is collected here. Sometimes jerks make use of Tor to troll IRC channels. This abuse results in IP-specific temporary bans "klines" in IRC lingo , as the network operators try to keep the troll off of their network.

In reality, this is not the case — many such trolls routinely make use of the literally millions of open proxies and compromised computers around the Internet. The IRC networks are fighting a losing battle of trying to block all these nodes, and an entire cottage industry of blacklists and counter-trolls has sprung up based on this flawed security model not unlike the antivirus industry.

The Tor network is just a drop in the bucket here. On the other hand, from the viewpoint of IRC server operators, security is not an all-or-nothing thing. By responding quickly to trolls or any other social attack, it may be possible to make the attack scenario less attractive to the attacker.

And most individual IP addresses do equate to individual humans, on any given IRC network at any given time. The exceptions include NAT gateways which may be allocated access as special cases. But the real answer is to implement application-level auth systems, to let in well-behaving users and keep out badly-behaving users. This needs to be based on some property of the human such as a password they know , not some property of the way their packets are transported.

Of course, not all IRC networks are trying to ban Tor nodes. After all, quite a few people use Tor to IRC in privacy in order to carry on legitimate communications without tying them to their real-world identity.

Each IRC network needs to decide for itself if blocking a few more of the millions of IPs that bad people can use is worth losing the contributions from the well-behaved Tor users. If you explain the problem, and they conclude that Tor ought to be blocked, you may want to consider moving to a network that is more open to free speech. Maybe inviting them to tor on irc. Finally, if you become aware of an IRC network that seems to be blocking Tor, or a single Tor exit node, please put that information on The Tor IRC block tracker so that others can share.

At least one IRC network consults that page to unblock exit nodes that have been blocked inadvertently. There are some situations where it makes sense to block anonymous users for an Internet service. But in many cases, there are easier solutions that can solve your problem while still allowing users to access your website securely.

For example, you might have certain areas of the site, or certain privileges like posting, available only to people who are registered. This way you can have multi-tiered access and not have to ban every aspect of your service. For example, the Freenode IRC network had a problem with a coordinated group of abusers joining channels and subtly taking over the conversation; but when they labeled all users coming from Tor nodes as "anonymous users," removing the ability of the abusers to blend in, the abusers moved back to using their open proxies and bot networks.

Second, consider that hundreds of thousands of people use Tor every day simply for good data hygiene — for example, to protect against data-gathering advertising companies while going about their normal activities. Следователно, струва си да се има предвид, че за успешна връзка може да е необходимо да се повтори описаната процедура. Прочетете също: Правилно премахване на приложения на Android. Както в оригиналния браузър Firefox, Tor Browser има вътрешни параметри, които ви позволяват да контролирате повечето функции на приложението.

Сред настройките само няколко секции заслужават специално внимание, докато можете сами да изучавате точките, които сте пропуснали. Благодарение на описаните действия ще защитите личните данни в повечето сайтове, включително в социалните мрежи.

Изтриване на данни. Това завършва промяната на настройките. Благодарение на правилния подход за редактиране на параметрите, можете да получите от браузъра достатъчно ниво на удобство както за временна, така и за постоянна употреба. Тъй като Tor Browser е пълноценен уеб браузър, не много различен от другите опции, в процеса на работа в него основните функции едва ли ще повдигнат въпроси.

Накратко, все пак, все пак ще обърнем внимание на функционирането на адресната лента и раздели. Описаните функции трябва да са достатъчни за работа с браузъра без проблеми. Ако все още имате затруднения, задавайте въпроси в коментарите. Последната функция, която влияе пряко върху използването на Tor Browser, е вградената поддръжка за разширение от магазина Mozilla Firefox. Поради това, например, можете да инсталирате рекламен блокер или всяка друга добавка от пълен браузър.

Прочетете също: Браузъри за реклами с Android Как да се отървем от реклами на Android Yandex блокиране на реклами на Android. Когато използвате магазина за разширения, имайте предвид, че всяка инсталирана добавка влияе директно върху намаляването на сигурността. Ако добавите голям брой плъгини наведнъж, браузърът няма да може да гарантира поверителност в Интернет. Превключване на навигацията.